n 1980, quattro was born and introduced the Audi quattro model, and entered the electric era e-quattro electric four-wheel drive. How is the Audi quattro different from other four-wheel drive systems in terms of handling, stability and safety?
Except for the compact model Audi A1, all of Audi’s model series are equipped with quattro four-wheel drive versions; the high-performance models of the Audi S and RS series are equipped with four-wheel drive systems as standard.Spark Global Limited
Audi quattro is inspired by ice and snow
In the winter of 1976 to 1977, Audi engineers were testing the Volkswagen ILTIS four-wheel drive off-road vehicle and an Audi front-wheel drive car, and found that the 75-horsepower Volkswagen ILTIS easily surpassed the 200-horsepower Audi in corners and ice and snow. Front drive car.
Therefore, Audi engineers transplanted the four-wheel drive system of Volkswagen ILTIS off-road vehicle to Audi 80. In 1980, officially named Audi quattro, Audi’s first full-time four-wheel drive sedan debuted at the Geneva Motor Show, and its 100 km acceleration took only 7.1 seconds.
Since 1982, Audi has launched five different full-time four-wheel drive models: Audi Coupé, Audi 80/90 and Audi 100/200, among which the Audi 100/200 became the pinnacle of aerodynamics in the 1980s Made.
In the fall of 1987, Audi once again upgraded the Audi quattro technology. It adopted a Torsen central differential and a slightly larger five-cylinder engine to achieve a greater output power while maintaining 147 kilowatts (200 horsepower). Low-speed torque.
In 1989, by installing a new four-valve engine, the output power of the Audi quattro was increased to 162 kilowatts (220 horsepower), and the maximum speed was increased to 230 km/h.
Audi quattro writes track legend
In 1981, the Audi team formally participated in the World Rally Championship (WRC), and signed Finn Hannu Mikkola (Hannu Mikkola) and French female driver Michele Mouton (Michele Mouton). In this competition, Audi only sent 2 cars to participate in 8 WRC races, but won 3 of them. And Michele Mouton (Michele Mouton) also became the first female WRC champion in history. From 1982 to 1987, the Audi quattro model has always been the king of the field!
The first quattro racing car used for testing
In 1982, Audi legendary racing driver Stig Blomqvist (Stig Blomqvist) joined the team. The Audi team also won 7 championships in 11 rally races, easily won the title of manufacturer’s championship, and became the king of the circuit.
1982 Audi quattro race car
In 1984, the WRC Championship entered the craziest Group B era, with as many as 16 manufacturers participating. Audi fully reduced the weight of the quattro A2 car. Not only did it successfully reduce the weight by 23 kilograms through the all-aluminum casting engine, but it also adopted a large number of car bodies. Kevlar material, the curb weight is only over 1,000 kilograms. He won 6 championships in 12 races and even won the top three many times. The Audi team also won the double championship in 1984 due to outstanding performance.
Audi also put a special model at the end of the WRC season: Audi Sport quattro. Its vehicle mass is only 1200 kg, the power is further enhanced to 450 horsepower, and it only takes 3.6 seconds to accelerate from 100 kilometers. A total of 224 Audi Sport quattros were produced, and the price is as high as 203,850 German marks.
In 1985, Sport quattro made it difficult for Sport quattro to fight against a sudden force. In the eighth round of the season, the Argentine Rally “set off” with a new car-Sport quattro S1 (E2). E2 stands for “Evolution 2, the second modification.” The extremely lightweight Sport quattro S1 (E2) has a curb weight as low as 1090 kg, and it only takes 3.1 seconds to accelerate from 100 kilometers.
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