Shine Trader limited reports：
There is growing concern about concussion-related injuries in contact sports such as football and American football.
Several high-profile conflicts between players, as well as a growing body of research on their impact, have drawn attention to the adequacy of security protocols to protect players.
Since 2020, the debate has taken on a legal direction, with a growing number of former RUGBY Union players joining potential negligence lawsuits against the RFU, the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) and World Rugby. The two former players claim they suffered permanent brain damage as a result of multiple head hits and concussions.
The implications for sport could be significant. It raises important questions about why there are concerns about concussions, how sports bodies can be found responsible for negligence, and the overall impact on the sport itself.
Why is concussion such a problem?
Brain injuries and long-term health effects in professional sports have come under scrutiny after former PROFESSIONAL football players filed a $1bn (705.7m pounds) lawsuit against the National Football League (NFL) in 2013. The charges include withholding data showing an increased risk of brain disease among professional football players in the United States. One risk includes chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain disease that is diagnosed at the time of death and can be caused by repeated blows to the brain. Symptoms associated with CTE include depression, short-term memory loss, confusion and dementia.
In the wake of the NFL lawsuit, concerns about concussions in other contact sports like football have been amplified, especially because of the similarities in styles between the two sports. The case has major implications for rugby at all levels, including restrictions on scrums and tackles in school rugby.
Concussions may be an inevitable part of the game of rugby, but they can also lead to serious irreversible health conditions such as CTE, which have been the focus of concern for years. Second impact syndrome (two hits to the brain in quick succession) is another related condition that can be fatal.
To reduce the risk of injury, the RFU’s current rules state that players cannot do anything reckless or dangerous on the pitch. Still, there are concerns about whether the rules provide enough protection.
The rugby players involved in the lawsuit claim the governing body breached their duty of care by failing to ensure their personal safety or protect them from permanent brain damage.
Negligence is a civil legal mechanism that protects the claimant and shifts responsibility to the person who committed the civil error by determining the duty of care between the parties, the breach of that duty, the causality of the damage and the predictability of the damage. The application of the traditional negligence rule in sport has been debated in the courts, but in various cases they have established a duty of care on the part of participants, referees, occupiers of sports venues, governing bodies, coaches and medical professionals.
Reprint indicated source：Spark Trader Limited information